Friday, January 27, 2023

God's norm: life-long marriage between male and female with children or single and continent, vs. contraception, fornications, single and fatherless children, welfare.... US Stats:

 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness:..And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. (,

And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh? Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. ()

...I would that all men were even as I myself. But every man hath his proper gift of God, one after this manner, and another after that. ()

In 2011-2015, among American women ages 15 to 44, 45% had not had any children; 20% had two children; 17% had one child; 18% had three or more children. Between 2007 and 2020, the total fertility rate (TFR) in the United States declined from 2.12 to 1.64... During the 1960s and 1970s, postponement of childbearing resulted in a steep drop in the birth rate among American women ages 20 to 24. After 1975, U.S. birth rates [somewhat] rose for women in their 30s, as older mothers had the children they had postponed earlier in life. Today, U.S. birth rates are highest for women in the age groups of 25 to 29 and 30 to 34

" width="200" height="350" alt=" " border="1"> Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.
In the United States, fertility rates have fallen since 1990 among all major racial/ethnic groups, declining fastest among African Americans and Latinas. - © 2023 PRB. All Rights Reserved

May 28, 2021 — Among sexually active women who were not seeking pregnancy, 88% were using a contraceptive method in 2016, and this proportion has remained steady since 2002.
>99% of sexually experienced U.S. women aged 15–44 have used at least one contraceptive method as of 2008 ... and this proportion has remained steady since 2002. Almost all women who identify as religious have ever used contraceptive methods—99% of mainline Protestants, evangelical Protestants and Catholics, and 96% of people with other religious affiliations.7 Sexually active couples who do not use any method of contraception have approximately an 85% chance of experiencing a pregnancy over the course of a year -
In 2015–2017, 64.9% of the 72.2 million women aged 15–49 in the United States were currently using contraception. The most common contraceptive methods currently used were female sterilization (18.6%), oral contraceptive pill (12.6%), long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) (10.3%), and male condom (8.7%). -
Of all live births in the United States during 2018-2020 (average), 23.7% were Hispanic, 52.1% were white, 15.2% were black, 0.8% were American Indian/Alaska Native and 6.8% were Asian/Pacific Islander. -
Jan 9, 2023: General Single Parent Households Statistics. According to a Pew Research study, the United States has the highest number of children living in single parent households. In contrast, countries like Mali, Afghanistan, Turkey, Vietnam, and Japan recorded only single-digit percentages in single parent households. -
Jun 17, 202: Data from the United States Census Bureau shows that nearly 18.5 million children grow up without their fathers, which has in return led to the United States owning the title of the world's leader in fatherlessness.2 -
.Aug 8, 2018: Recent estimates show that about 40 percent of births in the United States occur outside of marriage, up from 28 percent in 1990 (Child Trends, 2016)
Aug 2, 2022 — Births to Unmarried Women: Two in five (41%) births were to unmarried mothers in 2020. -
Today, only about 64 percent of children live in homes with two parents who are married, representing an all-time low (Pew Research Center). Trend data shows a stark and steady decline since 1960, when nearly 88 percent of children lived with married parents. -
Mar 12, 2022: About 4 out 10 children were born to unwed mothers. Of single parent families with children under the age of 18, 80 percent were headed by single mothers. Around half (52.3%) of single mothers have never married, almost a third (29.3%) are divorced, 18.4% are either separated or widowed. Half have one child, 30% have two. About two thirds are White, one third Black -
Another 2021 study looking at the living arrangements of parents with children at home indicates that just over 50% of single parents have never married. -
In the United States today, nearly 24 million children live in a single-parent family. This total, which has been rising for half a century, covers about one in every three kids across America -
An estimated 24.7 million children (33%) live absent their biological father. -
2012: 57.6% of black children, 31.2% of Hispanic children, and 20.7% of white children are living absent their biological fathers. -
Data from 2019 indicates that: Black and American Indian kids are most likely to live in a single-parent families (64% of Black children and 52% of American Indian children fit this demographic). -
Mississippi 55.8%; Louisiana 54.5%; New Mexico 53.2%; Nevada 48.8%; Alabama 48.4%; Delaware 48.1%; Florida; 47.2% are the leading states for unmarried parents -
The average dad is now 30.9 years old at their child's birth. -
As reported by the Center for Children and Families: [u, 2009-2011] 40% of all live births in the US are to single mothers. ➲ 90% of welfare recipients are single mothers -  

Wednesday, January 25, 2023

Welfare and growing dependency upon government.

 After I read in January 2022 that “Congress created the Affordable Connectivity Program, a new long-term, $14 billion program, with “new ways to qualify for the Affordable Connectivity Program such as: receiving WIC benefits or having an income at or below 200% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines [levels],” then I decided to investigate some of this growing dependency upon government (which is to be obeyed except when in conflict with the Bible). 

Which dependence, among other things, fosters increasing assent to government support of perversions of what God instituted (including innocent life, as with the unborn, being protected versus at least 20% of pregnancies ending in murder by abortion, and with male and female being biological terms, and only these two being sexually joined, only in marriage, versus fostering fornication and essentially requiring affirmation of homosexual unions, despite the profound negative effects on individuals and society of fornication).

Note that while the national debt presently stands at over 29 trillion dollars (at 1-15-22; presently heading to 32 trillion a year later) and rising, yet partly due to Covid-19 and supererogatory measures (both are judgments from God) to control it, 61% of Americans paid no federal income taxes in 2020.

Reading “200% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines” promoted me to investigate that first, and which means, for instance, that while for a household of three the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) would be $21,960 yet 200% of the FPL would be $43,920 (compared with $29,646 last year), and would qualify that household for $30 a month discount for high-speed Internet and “eligible households also can receive a onetime discount of up to $100 to purchase a laptop, desktop computer or tablet from participating providers if the consumer contributes $10 to $50 toward the purchase price.” “The $14.2 billion Affordable Connectivity Program is just a part of roughly $65 billion to improve access to high-quality, high-speed internet access contained in the bipartisan infrastructure bill that President Joe Biden signed into law Nov. 15.” (

However, as reported here, the official poverty measure is based on cash income only, which fails to capture all the resources available to a family including tax credits and in-kind transfers. Also, the official measure of family resources is biased due to under-reporting of certain types of income that are commonly received by those with low reported income.

What are Federal Poverty Guidelines/Levels (FPL)?

The Federal Poverty Guidelines are federally set “poverty lines” that indicate the minimum amount of annual income that an individual / family needs to pay for essentials, such as housing, utilities, clothing, food, and transportation. These guidelines, also called Federal Poverty Levels (FPLs), are based on the size of a household and the state in which one resides. FPLs are the same in 48 of the 50 states. The two exceptions are Alaska and Hawaii, which have higher Federal Poverty Levels due to the higher cost of living. As an example, in 2021, the annual FPL for an individual in Alaska is $16,090, in Hawaii it is $14,820, and in the remainder of the states it is $12,880...

The exact percentage of the FPL used for eligibility purposes varies based on the program and the state...

The FPL in 48 Contiguous States

# of Persons in Household

2021 Federal Poverty Level for the 48

Contiguous States (Annual Income)








































































Add $4,540 for each person in household over 8 persons

The Federal Benefit Rate, abbreviated as FBR, is the maximum amount to which an aged, blind or disabled person who qualifies for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is able to receive in monthly cash benefits. In 2021, the maximum FBR is $794 for a single individual and $1,191 for a married couple...(

What programs use FPL guidelines?

Several programs use either 100% of the poverty guidelines or a percentage multiple of the guidelines. For example, some programs use 125%, 150%, or 185% of the guidelines to determine eligibility. (


Some examples of federal programs that use the poverty guidelines in determining eligibility include the following:

Department of Health and Human Services: Community Services Block Grant, Head Start, Low-Income Home Energy Assistance

Department of Agriculture: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly Food Stamp Program), National School Lunch Program, Child and Adult Care Food Program

Department of Energy: Weatherization Assistance for Low-Income Persons Federal Poverty Levels do not count Noncash benefits (e.g. food stamps and housing subsidies)

Department of Labor: Job Corps, National Farmworker Jobs Program, Workforce Investment Act Youth Activities (

Examples of Automotive Help Programs

New Car Program for Those in Need

Bad Credit Auto Loans

Extended Auto Warranties

Job Access and Reverse Commute

Disability Transportation


What income is not counted? [for SNAP benefits]

You must meet the SNAP income tests to get SNAP benefits. There is no asset test for most Massachusetts households....

Here are examples of income that does not count for SNAP:

VISTA, Youthbuild, AmeriCorps, and Foster Grandparent allowances, earnings, or payments for persons otherwise eligible.

U.S. temporary Census earnings, for the 2020 Census count.

Lump sum payments...

Reimbursements – money you get to pay you back for expenses,.

Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP)...

Anything you do not get as cash... paid directly to a landlord or utility company...that has no legal obligation to do so....

Veterans Services (M.G.L. c 115) payments made by vendor payment directly to your landlord or utility company.

Money earned by a child under age 18 who..lives with a parent or other responsible adult.

Much more:; Produced by Patricia Baker and Victoria Negus, Massachusetts Law Reform Institute Reviewed January 2020

[Below are some more benefit programs and services, but which also include local, state and federal programs as well as some private organizations.]


  • Government mortgage and foreclosure assistance is available...

  • Rent help from assistance programs is available from a number of sources.

  • Government mortgage and foreclosure assistance...

  • Rent help from assistance programs i..

  • a variety of additional low income assistance programs ..

  • Housing Choice Voucher Program...

  • Disability assistance is administered by most state governments..

  • Human or social service offices ...

  • Financial assistance from your utility company may be available...

  • Telephone assistance programs..

  • Water bill assistance programs..

  • Federal government grants are provided to states and local governments as part of low income energy (LIHEAP)...

  • Free weatherization programs are also available nationwide...

  • Medical bill assistance..

  • Prescription drug assistance programs ..

  • Government funded community clinics..

  • Find dental care from free clinics...Many accept both state or federal government assistance and public health insurance for payment..

  • Free government health care programs..

  • Government sponsored welfare programs are available nationally as well as locally....

  • Free food from assistance programs are offered by the state as well as federal government...

  • Charities, churches and other organizations that offer financial assistance or small amounts of money from the government can sometimes help you with paying bills or debts...

  • Older adults and senior citizens.. There are government funded agencies that focus on their needs..

  • Several federal government agencies are focused on supporting people and helping them find a job or gain new skills. ..

  • Day and child care assistance is available in all states.... Government child care vouchers and subsidies can be obtained

State & Local Resources[;] Rent Assistance[;]

Free Food Pantries[;] Utility Bill Help[;]

Free Stuff and Money[;] Extra Income and Home Work;

Public Assistance[;] Disability Programs[;] Section 8 Housing[;] Senior Assistance[;] Emergency Rent Assistance[;] Free Job Training[;] Free Money[;] Grants For Bills[;] Free Clothes & Supplies[;] LIHEAP Assistance[;] elephone Assistance[;] Help with Water Bills[;] Charity Assistance[;] Church Assistance[;] Community Action Agencies[;] Medical Bills[;] Free Healthcare[;] Free Prescriptions[;] Free Community Clinics[;] Free Dental Clinics[;] Loans For Bills[;] Automobile Loan Assistance[;] Free Cash Loans[;] Debt Help[;] Mortgage Help[;] ...

How much CASH assistance will I get?The amount of cash assistance available in each state listed below varies...the dollar amounts will always change from year to year... 8 highest vs. 8 lowest I found]

Alaska $923; New York $789; California $704; Connecticut $698; New Hampshire $675; Wisconsin $653; Massachusetts $618; Hawaii $610';

Mississippi $170; Tennessee $185; Alabama $215; Arkansas $204; Louisiana $240; Kentucky $262; Georgia $280; Texas $285 (

Paying For Child Care

  • Child care subsidies (also called vouchers and fee assistance):

  • Head Start and Early Head Start:

  • State-funded prekindergarten:

  • Military fee assistance programs:

  • Assistance for high school students:

  • College or university child care:

  • Employer-assisted dependent care:

  • Other employer resources:

  • Sliding fee scale:

  • Local assistance and scholarships:

  • Sibling discount:

  • Military discount:

  • American Indian and Alaska Native Assistance:

  • Native Hawaiian child care and preschool programs:

  • Child and dependent care tax credit

  • Earned income tax credit (

What types of federal student loans are available?

  • Direct Subsidized Loans .

  • Direct Unsubsidized Loans

  • Direct PLUS Loans

  • Direct Consolidation Loans


  • Social Security Survivors Benefits

Eligible survivors include:...

  • COVID funeral reimbursement now $9,000

If a relative of yours died from COVID-19, you may be able to get reimbursed up to $9,000 for funeral expenses. ..In 2019, the median national cost of a funeral with a viewing and a burial was $7,640 (

Also relevant:

The Social Security Administration has announced a 1.3% increase in Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits for 2021...The new SSI federal base amount is $794 per month for an individual and $1,191 per month for a couple. The SSI payment amounts are higher in states that pay a supplementary SSI payment....average disability benefit: $1,277 p>An applicant for disability benefits through the Social Security disability insurance (SSDI) or SSI programs must be making less than $1,310 per month (up from $1,260 per month in 2021) to qualify for benefits. (Blind applicants can make up to $2,190 per month). Anyone working above those limits is considered to be doing "substantial gainful activity" (SGA)....

Over half of the income made by an SSI recipient is not counted toward the limit, so you can actually receive SSI until you make up to $1,672 per month (if you have no other income). However, any income received between $0 and $1,672 will reduce the monthly benefit. (For instance, if you earn $1,500 a month and have no other income, your SSI check will be only $86.50.) In some states that make extra payments to SSI recipients, the income limit for SSI recipients may be higher. The income exclusion amount for students receiving SSI is now $1,930 per month (up to an annual limit of $7,770). -

The Social Security Administration provides benefits to children with disabilities in low-income households through the SSI program. More than 1.3 million children received SSI disability benefits in 2014; 16 percent of those – or 213,668 children -- are receiving benefits because of primary speech and language disorders. In the past decade, the size of this group has more than tripled; between 2007 and 2011, the number of children who began receiving SSI benefits for speech and language disorders increased by nearly 40 percent. ...Between 3 percent and16 percent of all children in the U.S. experience disruptions in communication because of speech and language disorders. - THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES OF SCIENCES, ENGINEERING, AND MEDICINE;

The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program provides income support to needy persons aged 65 or older, blind or disabled adults, and blind or disabled children. Eligibility requirements and federal payment standards are nationally uniform. SSI replaced the former federal/state adult assistance programs in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Payments under SSI began in January 1974, with 3.2 million persons receiving federally administered payments. By December 1974, this number had risen to nearly 4 million and remained at about that level until the mid-1980s, then rose steadily, reaching nearly 6 million in 1993 and 7 million by the end of 2004. As of December 2019, the number of recipients was about 8.1 million. Of this total, more than 4.6 million were between the ages of 18 and 64, 2.3 million were aged 65 or older, and 1.1 million were under age 18.

The average monthly federally administered SSI payment was $566. Payments varied by age group, ranging from an average of $670 for recipients aged under 18 to $459 for those aged 65 or older. The maximum federal benefit rate in December 2019 was $783 for an individual and $1,175 for a couple, plus any applicable state supplementation.


Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program [SSDI]. In December 2019, there were 9,765,096 people receiving Social Security disability benefits as disabled workers, disabled widow(er)s, or disabled adult children. The majority (85.8 percent) were disabled workers, 11.7 percent were disabled adult children, and 2.5 percent were disabled widow(er)s.

The following is indirectly related to SSI: Every month, 14 million people now get a disability check from the government...The federal government spends more money each year on cash payments for disabled former workers than it spends on food stamps and welfare combined....The vast majority of people on federal disability do not work.[1] Yet because they are not technically part of the labor force, they are not counted among the unemployed...

In Hale County, Alabama, nearly 1 in 4 working-age adults is on disability.[2] On the day government checks come in every month, banks stay open late, Main Street fills up with cars, and anybody looking to unload an old TV or armchair has a yard sale. ..There's no diagnosis called disability. You don't go to the doctor and the doctor says, "We've run the tests and it looks like you have disability." It's squishy enough that you can end up with one person with high blood pressure who is labeled disabled and another who is not....The health problems where there is most latitude for judgment -- back pain, mental illness -- are among the fastest growing causes of disability.

People on disability are not counted among the unemployed. "That's a kind of ugly secret of the American labor market," David Autor, an economist at MIT, told me. "Part of the reason our unemployment rates have been low, until recently, is that a lot of people who would have trouble finding jobs are on a different program."..disability has also become a de facto welfare program for people without a lot of education or job skills. But it wasn't supposed to serve this purpose; it's not a retraining program designed to get people back onto their feet. Once people go onto disability, they almost never go back to work. Fewer than 1 percent of those who were on the federal program for disabled workers at the beginning of 2011 have returned to the workforce since then, one economist told me....

As I got further into this story, I started hearing about another group of people on disability: kids. People in Hale County told me that what you want is a kid who can "pull a check." Many people mentioned this, but I basically ignored it. It seemed like one of those things that maybe happened once or twice, got written up in the paper and became conversational fact among neighbors. Then I looked at the numbers. I found that the number of kids on a program called Supplemental Security Income -- a program for children and adults who are both poor and disabled -- is almost seven times larger than it was 30 years ago.

Jahleel Duroc (pictured above) is gap-toothed, 10 and vibrating with enthusiasm. He's excited to talk to someone new, excited to show me his map of his neighborhood in the Bronx. He's disabled in the eyes of the government because he has a learning disability.

When you are an adult applying for disability you have to prove you cannot function in a "work-like setting." When you are a kid, a disability can be anything that prevents you from progressing in school. Two-thirds of all kids on the program today have been diagnosed with mental or intellectual problems....

Jahleel's mom wants him to do well in school. That is absolutely clear. But her livelihood depends on Jahleel struggling in school. This tension only increases as kids get older. One mother told me her teenage son wanted to work, but she didn't want him to get a job because if he did, the family would lose its disability check....

By Chana Joffe-Walt. More on a problem designed to combat a problem:

Friday, January 13, 2023 posts, as of 1-23, by the grace of God. posts posts

Posts are usually listed in order of original posting date. Main site home page: Note: veracity is based upon the degree of Scriptural substantiation, and sound reasoning, by the grace of God.

Posts are usually listed in order of original posting date.(I am sorry often somewhat skews pasted formatted text.)

  1. What has the Good News Mission under Pastor Ock Soo Park preached?

  2. Roy Masters versus the Lord Jesus Christ

  3. Brief examination of The Book of Enoch

  4. Early American education

  5. Pastor Oden Fong gives His Testimony

  6. Scriptural substantiation on the Trinity, in a systematic study, by the grace of God

  7. Was John Calvin wrong or right when he taught that salvation is not by faith

  8. Are Evangelicals Christians?

  9. Quora deleted this answer. Why are people homophobic (other than religion or “because it’s bad)?

  10. Why are so many people on Quora saying that you can lose your salvation when the Bible says otherwise?

  11. Why should those the of Jewish faith believe in Jesus as the Christ?

  12. Has Russia outlawed any expression of faith apart from the Russian Orthodox, the state church and supporter of Putin

  13. deleted: Why are so many conservatives bent out of shape about "cancel culture

  14. Examination of some proffered “references” to texts from deuterocanonical (apocryphal) books in the New Testament


  16. CULTURE, NOT COLOR: Spiritual declension and liberal corruption of the American black family in particular and its correlation to behavioral problems

  17. Lying and misleading headlines: "Researchers find face masks don't hinder breathing during exercise.”

  18. Why conservatives (esp. Christian ones) vote Republican (until a fully conservative party becomes a viable alternative), by way of analogy

  19. Infallibility and the Roman Catholic Canon, its formation and evidence against the Apocrypha

  20. The Big Picture: who is really running the show in the culture war, and its nature and trajectory

  21. The Federal "Equality Act"

  22. Step-by-Step Refutation of Dave Armstrong vs. Sola Scriptura

  23. Is "Roman Catholic" or "Roman church" simply a slur invented by Protestants

  24. 14 questions as regards sola scriptura versus sola ecclesia

  25. Required Catholic submission

  26. Negative effects of homosexual relations (and heterosexual fornication)

  27. Basically, what is the Roman Catholic teaching on salvation?

  28. Popes against the Jews

  29. Dialog with Catholics

  30. Are evangelicals closer to what the New Testament church believed than Roman Catholicism?

  31. Did the NT church believe what the Roman Catholic church basically teaches on the Eucharist?

  32. Confession of sins to Catholic priests

  33. Is it wrong to wonder why God lets good people die when they were young?

  34. Why do people attack the Bible as promoting religious violence but deny that the Qur'an does so?

  35. Heresies and errors of Linwood Jackson Jr, exposed

  36. Partial List Of Divergent Beliefs Between Catholics

  37. Refuting Catholic Answers: "How to Defend the Deuterocanonicals"

  38. Facts and testimony that Catholic apologists typically will not give you about Luther and the canon

  39. Can Catholics who are vegans eat the Eucharist?

  40. Did the New Testament church believe in Roman Catholic Purgatory

  41. How did the serpent seduce Eve to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evi

  42. What are some substantial differences between Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism?

  43. Will unconfessed sin send me to Hell?

  44. Catholicism against the Jews

  45. Some so-called "Church Fathers" on virginity versus marriage

  46. Papal Presumption: The Assumption of Mary In 1950 pope Pius XII (in Munificentissimus Deus)

  47. Refutation of "Can The Saints Hear Us?l "

  48. Refutation of Dave Armstrong: Prayer to Saints: “New” [?] Biblical Argument PeaceByJesus

  49. Rome against the Jews

  50. Staples sophistry, take 2.

  51. Staples misdiagnosis on “The Protestant Achilles' Heel”

  52. (So-called) "Church Fathers" on "upon this rock" in Matthew 16:18:

  53. Deformation of the NT church, and the Historical Context of the Reformation

  54. Refutation of Walid Shoebat's “Them ‘Damned’ Catholics”

  55. The Peter of Scripture versus that of Rome

  56. Catholic and other modern research on apostolic successors to Peter and ancient interpretationsof Mt.16:18

  57. Roman Catholic use of the sword of men (Inquisitions)

  58. Things the New Testament church did not manifestly believe or practice, as seen in Scripture

  59. Male headship versus positional gender equality (egalitarianism)

  60. Is "Once saved always saved" (OSAS) correct?

  61. Does Catholicism teach that non-Christians can be saved?

  62. Unity under sola Scriptura versus RC sola Ecclesia

  63. Did the Catholic Church forbid Bible reading

  64. Luther and the Canon: did he have help?

  65. Historical basis for Rome's claim to authority, Pt. 1

  66. Historical basis for Rome's claim to authority, Pt. 2

  67. By what authority

  68. Praying to created beings in Heaven

  69. Re "Was Jesus death contrary to God's command against child sacrifice?

  70. Miscellaneous Posts Re Roman Catholicism: Merit versus Grace

  71. Misc. religious news clippings regarding homosexual activism: 2004 — 2017

Staples sophistry, take 2.


Staples sophistry, take 2.

Having exposed Staples misdiagnosis on “The Protestant Achilles' Heel,” Morgana simply proceeds to provide another opportunity to expose cultic Catholic devotion which drives them to deny what Scripture reveals and compel Scripture to support teachings which are part of the many traditions of men that developed over time. While RCs cannot see Scripture as the only supreme sufficient (in formal and material aspects) standard for faith as described in my prior rebuttal, yet in-credibly they see the “Immaculate Conception” in Scripture, which is neither taught nor required in Scripture.

In my new book, Behold Your Mother - A Biblical and Historical Defense of the Marian Doctrines, I give eight reasons for belief in the Immaculate Conception..Here, I will present some snippets from three of these biblical reasons for faith. But first, I must say I am sympathetic to my Protestant friends, and others, who struggle with this teaching of the Catholic Faith. says, “All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God.” adds, “If any man says he has no sin he is a liar and the truth is not in him.”

However, Mary was “saved” from sin in a most sublime manner. She was given the grace to be “saved” completely from sin so that she never committed even the slightest transgression... Scripture indicates that salvation can also refer to man being protected from sinning before the fact.

Here the sophistry begins by arguing that since salvation and God being a Savior can mean being protected from sinning then this supports the premise that Mary never sinned. However, the former does not equate to the latter, and which remains to be established.

But what about “all have sinned,” and “if any man says he has no sin he is a liar and the truth is not in him?” Wouldn’t “all” and/or “any man” include Mary? On the surface, this sounds reasonable. But this way of thinking carried to its logical conclusion would list Jesus Christ in the company of sinners as well. No Christian would dare say that!

And the reason “No [true] Christian would dare say that!” is actually a refuting argument against the Immaculate Conception! For the reason why no true Christian would dare say that Christ sinned is because He is plainly declared to be without sin many times. (; ; cf. ; ) And which is consistent with how the Holy Spirit characteristically mentions notable deviations from the norm — which the sinless state of Mary certainly would be — even of far less primary persons. from From extraordinary age (Methuselah), to not dying (Enoch), to length of fast, to miraculous birth (Abraham and Sarah), to extraordinary height (Ogg) or strength (Samson) or toes (Goliath), or holiness (Job, Noah, Daniel) to supernatural transport (Phillip), to the extraordinary length of celibacy of Anna, and uncharacteristic duplicity of Peter, to virgin birth (Mary), to diet (John the Baptist), to the sinlessness of Christ, to the singleness of Paul and Barnabas, to the signs of an apostle, etc. Yet despite this the Holy Spirit says nothing about Mary being either sinless, or a perpetual virgin, or created beings being prayed to. And instead what He does teach weighs towards the norm for Mary having sinned and sexually cleaving in marriage.

Thus the argument for unrecorded Marian exception has no warrant, but instead only warrants her being as others in these aspects.

will deal with original sin...Original sin is not something we do; it is something we’ve inherited.

Actually, we inherit a spiritually dead Adamic nature that is prone to sin, and thus all do sin in time, except one who was God incarnate. And while we enter into the effects of the actions of others, yet we are not judged for what we are not culpable for, but judgment is always according to what we ourselves have done in the respective judgments of redeemed and lost, (; . 20:11-15) and in accordance with light and grace given. ()

The question remains: how do we know Mary is an exception to the norm of “all have sinned?” And more specifically, is there biblical support for this claim? Yes, there is. Indeed, there is much biblical support,

Which audacious claim is typical of RCs who are all to willing to see whatever is needed or desirable to support Rome, and as if this support was the basis for their veracity, which they are not. And even to relying on arguments their own church does not officially teach, but who will dismiss ours on that basis and tell us we need to rely on Rome to interpret Scripture.

And [the angel Gabriel] came to [Mary] and said, “Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you!” But she was greatly troubled at the saying, and considered in her mind what sort of greeting this might be. And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.”... First, according to many biblical scholars as well as Pope St. John Paul II, the angel did more than simply greet Mary. The angel actually communicated a new name or title to her. In Greek, the greeting was kaire, kekaritomene, or “Hail, full of grace.”

Wrong. His own RC Bible for America does not say this “full of grace,” as the word for “full” is not even there. Kecharitomene (one form of the verb "charitoo") in , is never used for "full" elsewhere, but simply says she was graced, favored, enriched with grace, as in .

CARM finds,In Greek: καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, κεχαριτωμένη, ὁ κύριος μετὰ σοῦ. κεχαριτωμένη, is the pf. pass. ptcp. of χαριτόω (charitoō). It is the single Greek word kexaritomena and means highly favored, make accepted, make graceful, etc. Repeated: It is a passive participle derived from charitoō. It does not mean "full of grace" or ‘completely filled with grace’ which is "plaras karitos" (plaras = full and karitos = Grace) in the Greek.... More technical data from source here: In contrast, the only one (though in some manuscripts Stephen in ) said to be full of grace is the Lord Jesus, "full ("plērēs) of grace (charis) and truth," using "plērēs," which denotes "full" 17 other places in the NT. If Mary was uniquely perfectly full of grace as bearing Christ then it would say she was, as Christ was, (plērēs charis) and RCs would not have to engage in such egregious extrapolations in seeking to justify this invention.

However, seeking to compel Scripture to support her tradition of men, Lk, 1:28 was wrongly rendered "full of grace" in the DRB, rather than "highly favored" or similar, as in Rome's current official New American Bible, “Hail, favored one!" ( Yet the DRB correctly translates as "in which he hath graced us."

When you add to this the fact that St. Luke uses the perfect passive participle...The perfect tense is used to indicate that an action has been completed in the past resulting in a present state of being...But only Mary is given the name “full of grace” and in the perfect tense indicating that this permanent state of Mary was completed.

Mary is not given a name (see below) and nor said to be “full” of grace, and uniquely so, nor from what i read does kecharitomene being a perfect passive participle translate into meaning a "a perfection of grace," or distinctively a past action, in distinction to echaritosen (another form of the verb "charitoo") used in , as there also it refers to a present state based upon a past action, "To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted [echaritosen] in the beloved." ()

See more on this issue here as White gets into detail with the Greek. (And notes that the fact that the Roman Catholic Church has to attempt to build such a complex theology on the form of a participle in a greeting should say a great deal in and of itself.)

Even Roman Catholic apologist Jimmy Akin said of on the word kecharitomene:

"This is a Greek term that you could use in that exact grammatical formation for someone else who wasn't immaculately conceived and the sentence would still make sense" like Mary's grandmother). He went on to say, "This is something where I said previously, we need the additional source of information from tradition and we need the guidance of the magisterium to be able to put these pieces together." Meaning the text does not teach the IM, nor is that necessary, but tradition becomes binding doctrine under the ultimate presumed authority of Rome.

Moreover, while Mary is highly blessed among women, and is to be honored according to what is written, this does not translate in the type of supererogation of praise seen in Catholicism, in which humble Mary is made into an almost almighty demigoddess!

Generally speaking, when one greeted another with kaire, a name or title would almost be expected to be found in the immediate context.

And indeed, in context that the angel was simply telling Mary she was graced of the Lord is confirmed in v. 30, “And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour [charis] with God,” (KJV), or as in the RC DRB: “hast found grace with God.”

The fact that the angel replaces Mary’s name in the greeting with “full of grace” was anything but common...

The fact is that the angel simply does not, but simply tells her that she is graced, as she was. Which is like the greeting given to Daniel, “O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace be unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong,” () Likewise, literally in Greek, the angel tells Mary “Hail” [rejoice], graced [one], the Lord is with thee: blessed thou among women.”

In each case, the names reveal something permanent about the one named...What’s in a name? A lot according to Scripture!

But there is no name change here, as unlike cases such as “Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham,” () “Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel,” () ”Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone, () Mary is never addressed as “full of grace,” but is said to have found grace with God, and thus it is said of her, “Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb,” and “henceforth all generations shall call me blessed,” (,48) And which does not say “more blessed than all women” due to Mary having surpassing virtue. And in fact, as Ratzinger admits, Mary “in the gospel tradition is quite marginal,” (God and the world, p. 296) while the Holy Spirit is far far more descriptive of the sacrificial labor of Paul, to whom He never manifestly attributes sin after his conversion.

Nor is “blessed art thou among women” a unique type of appellation, as Scripture also says, “Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be, blessed shall she be above women in the tent.” ()

Thus there is nothing in that teaches or even infers Marian sinlessness, which we can be sure the Holy Spirit would have stated if that was the case as He did with other notable exceptions to the norm, especially among principal persons.

2. An Ancient Prophecy—:..I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed: he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel. Not only do we have the Virgin Birth here implied because the text says the Messiah would be born of “the seed of the woman” (the “seed” is normally of the man), but notice “the woman” is not included as “the seed” of the devil. It seems that both the woman and her seed are in opposition to and therefore not under the dominion of the devil and “his seed,” i.e., all who have original sin and are “by nature children of wrath” as St. Paul puts it in . Here, we have in seed form (pun intended), the fact that the woman—Mary—would be without sin, especially original sin, just as her Son—the Messiah—would be. The emphasis on Mary is truly remarkable in that the future Messiah was only mentioned in relation to her. There can be little doubt that a parallel is being drawn between Jesus and Mary and their absolute opposition to the devil.

In-credible! The RC again examples he can see what he wants to if it can support his Roman religion. Note first that though I agree the seed of the women is Christ, both Hagar and Rebekah are said to have seed. (;24:60) . Meanwhile the Hebrew words in this entire verse actually only says, “put/place enmity/hostility between woman between seed seed it/he bruise head thou shalt bruise heel.” And much commentary has been written about how this is best translated and what it precisely means. Thus the “little doubt that a parallel is being drawn between Jesus and Mary” being both sinless is based upon a text for which there is much doubt about its precise rendering and meaning,

And while I agree with the text Staples quotes, yet nowhere does it say the women is uniquely different from the rest of mankind, as it only distinguishes between the seed of the devil and seed of Eve, which prophetically would be between the lost and Christ coming ultimately through Mary, or perhaps between demons and Christ. “Seed” is singular, but it can refer to a single line of decedents. And as Christ genealogy is full of souls who were lost at least at one time, the only exclusion of any seed that is not fallen is the sinless Christ. The seed of the women no more excludes her from being fallen then it does the parents of Mary.

Behind the Roman reasoning is the premise that a sinless vessel is essential for Christ to be sinless, but which is fallacious. and states that there is "no one holy as the Lord" and "Thou only art Holy." Yet God used impure men to bring forth His pure expressive word to men, and if God could preserve Mary from sin then it is certain He could preserve Christ from being contaminated from the impurity of the vessel through which His body was supplied. For states that “Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me.”

And it is also argued, that "The human male determines the sex of the offspring. His entrance into the unfertilized egg of Mary caused it to develop without the expected duplication of the female X chromosomes. When an artificial egg duplicates its chromosomes in response to artificial stimulation. the result is female" D. Hocking from his Christology course (animal studies). And thus “The blood type of the Son of God was a separate and precious type unlike any other, it had no sin. Because of this method of conception, it is not possible that Mary could have supplied any of her Adamic blood for Jesus who was to be the spotless lamb of God.” “The Holy Spirit who is God, protected His sinlessness, as God the Son entered the womb and the egg of Mary and took upon Himself a human nature in addition to His divine nature (clothed himself in humanity ). There was no change of nature but an addition, adding humanity to His deity.” (

I am not sure if I agree that the sin nature is dependent on the male seed, but if God can produce a male from a female virgin then He can certainly bring forth a perfect sinless male from a fallen vessel tainted by sin.

Note also here that Staples is not arguing for a binding, infallible interpretation of , while Pope Pius IX in Ineffabilis Deus (Latin for "Ineffable God") which defines the infallible (which presumed status only pertains to the actual pronouncement) dogma of the Immaculate Conception relies upon a Vulgate translation [and thus the Douay Rheims] of which changed the “he” to “she shall crush thy head,” and thus that “the most holy Virgin” “was, with him and through him, eternally at enmity with the evil serpent, and most completely triumphed over him, and thus crushed his head with her immaculate foot.” (

However, as the Catholic Encyclopedia (Immaculate Conception) states, The translation “she” of the Vulgate is interpretative; it originated after the fourth century, and cannot be defended critically. The conqueror from the seed of the woman, who should crush the serpent’s head, is Christ; the woman at enmity with the serpent is Mary. (

As with others, the official Roman Catholic Bible for America translates this,

I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; They will strike at your head, while you strike at their heel.”

The approved notes (1970 ver.), while also noting the Traditional Messianic exegesis, explains this saying, “They will strike…at their heel: the antecedent for “they” and “their” is the collective noun “offspring,” i.e., all the descendants of the woman.” (

RC apologist Jimmy Akin also states,
Q: Please explain to me how come the Douay-Rheims and the New American Bible differ. I’m sure you know what I am talking about.

...The reason for the difference in the renderings is a manuscript difference. Modern translations follow what the original Hebrew of the passage says. The Douay-Rheims, however, is following a manuscript variant found in many early Fathers and some editions of the Vulgate (but not the original; Jerome followed the Hebrew text in his edition of the Vulgate). The variant probably originated as a copyist error when a scribe failed to take note that the subject of the verse had shifted from the woman to the seed of the woman... just as the first half of the verse, speaking of the enmity between the serpent and the woman, has been applied to Mary, the second half, speaking of the head crushing and heel striking, has also been applied to Mary due to the manuscript variant, though it properly applies to Jesus, given the original Hebrew. (

The Anglican/Roman Catholic International Commission explains the controversy:

The Hebrew text of speaks about enmity between the serpent and the woman, and between the offspring of both. The personal pronoun (hu’) in the words addressed to the serpent, “He will strike at your head”, is masculine. In the Greek translation used by the early Church (LXX), however, the personal pronoun autos (he) cannot refer to the offspring … but must refer to a masculine individual who could then be the Messiah, born of a woman. The Vulgate (mis)translates the clause as ipsa … This feminine pronoun supports a reading of this passage as referring to Mary which has become traditional in the Latin Church. (Source.)

The Neo-Vulgate (Nova Vulgata), the revised Latin version authorized by the Vatican, corrected the error and changed it from ipsa to ipsum in the Latin.

As a reformed source states, “He” .. in the original Hebrew is masculine. It is pronounced “hoo” and can also mean “it.” Many think it means “it” in reference to collective offspring of the woman crushing the head of the serpent. In the LXX, however, it is rendered autos “he,” indicating that the passage should be understood as a Messianic prophecy about Jesus Christ alone crushing the head. “He [Jesus] will crush the serpent’s head.” (

More here.

The Hebrew Masoretic text reads that one who will crush the serpents head is in the masculine, speaking about Christ, and the NT does not mention Mary of doing this, but that “Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he [Christ] also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.” (,15) Glory be to God.

3. Mary, Ark of the Covenant: The Old Testament ark of the Covenant was a true icon of the sacred. It was a picture of the purity and holiness God fittingly demands of those objects and/or persons most closely associated with himself and the plan of salvation. Because it would contain the very presence of God symbolized by three types of the coming Messiah—the manna, the Ten Commandments, and Aaron’s staff—it had to be most pure and untouched by sinful man (see ; ff; ; ).

In the New Testament, the new and true Ark would not be an inanimate object, but a person—the Blessed Mother. How much more pure would the new and true Ark be...

This is another attempt to glorify the creature rather than the Creator, God blessed for ever, as it is Christ who best fulfills the typology of the ark of the Covenant.

• God commanded Moses to “make an ark of shittim wood,” which wood represents the humanity of Christ, “And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it,” (,11) and which gold can be seen to represent glory. And thus the wise men brought gold as a gift to Christ (not Mary), and was girded about His loins and breast with a golden garment, (; ) which also is never said of Mary.

• The Ark, once made, was moved via poles, so as not to be directly touched by sinful man (; ), yet which men Mary was touched by, as well as Christ. And the former was ritually defiled by giving birth, and thus observed the required days of purification, (; cf. Lv. 12:2,6-8) and then brought the required living creatures to the priest “for a sin offering, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, unto the priest: Who shall offer it before the Lord, and make an atonement for her; and she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood.” (,7)

But the sanctity of the Ark corresponds to the spiritual purity of Christ, who being the Lamb of God is alone said to be “holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens,” () “Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth,” ()For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” ()

Which is never said of Mary. Yet Catholics have the audacity to make Mary was sinless, even as binding doctrine, when Scripture nowhere teaches it, and we can be confident that it would say so if that was true, and especially if was a binding doctrine, just as it clearly records the sinlessness of Christ and other extraordinary or otherwise notable aspects of its subjects, even far lesser ones.

• And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold....And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end:...And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims (,19,22) On top of the ark was the mercy seat on which rested the cloud signifying the presence of God, between two cherubs of gold. The Greek word () for “mercy seat” is hilasterion, meaning “that which makes atonement.”

This easily corresponds to ,5, in which Moses and Elijah, representing the law and the prophets, can be seen to answer to the two cherubims, and who talk with Christ under a bright cloud, and in which context all are called to commune with Christ, the atonement: “While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him,” thus directly communing with God. (cf. ) And which is said to Peter, James and John, whom Paul later states () appeared to be pillars of the church (if not in that order), thus this call to directly commune with God via the mercy seat under the cloud is to the church.

• “And in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.” ()The Ark contained the 2 tables of the Law, which testimony in the NT becomes grace and Truth, and the Scriptures uniquely state Christ was “full of grace and Truth.” () For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. ()

And they commanded the people, saying, When ye see the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then ye shall remove from your place, and go after it. () And it was Christ, not Mary, who said “Follow me,” () and “My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me,” () as Christ alone was God manifest in the flesh. (,14; 20:28; )

• “And the ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them in the three days' journey, to search out a resting place for them.” () And Christ, not Mary said,”I go to prepare a place for you.” ()

Therefore it is Christ, not Mary who is clothed with gold, and declared to be undefiled, sinless, and the atonement/mercy seat, with two cherubs of glory on each side, by whom believers commune with God under the cloud of glory, and whom constrains the testimony of grace and Truth, and goes before believers.

And thus by God grace Staples compulsion of Scripture to support vain traditions of men is once again exposed, which he inventively adds to within the rest of his book (which is not dealt with here), promoting the Mariolatry of the false Mary of Catholicism, thinking of mortals above that which is written, () to his own condemnation and those who sadly subscribe to this. It is the Lord who is high and lifted up, not any Queen of Heaven, which is only found among pagans. But despite what Scripture says and fails to say, likewise many Catholics basically insist,

But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem...” ()